Tuesday, February 09, 2010

Spread of the Message of Buddhism

Something interesting I found today at:

http://www.palikanon.com/english/timetable.htm

THE SPREAD OF BUDDHISM 


Chronological Table of Important Events



Prepared by Olcott Gunasekera - Director,
Buddhist Information Centre. 


There are many problems in preparing a
chronological table for a period of 2525 years. The fixing of the actual year of
occurrence of an event is the chief among them. For example, although the
historicity of the Buddha is now well established, there are several views
regarding the year that is ascribed to the Parinibbana (demise) of the Buddha,
which is the beginning of the Buddhist era. The year 544 B.C. was taken as the
date of Parinibbana and the chronological table was constructed on this basis. 


Due to scantiness of information, certain
events are placed by historians within broad periods, running into sevral
centuries. In such cases the event is included under the first year or century.
As far as possible, the dates occurring in standard books were taken in
preparing the chronology. 

 










































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































B.E.



C.E.



 



 




-80



-462




Birth
of Prince Shiddhartha



 




-45



-589




The
Enlightenment



Bimbisara,
King of Magadha; Confucius and Lao-Tse in China and Mahavira in India,
lived during this century.



1



-544


(-383)




Parinibbana
of the Buddha and First Council at Rajagha



Ajatasattu,
King of Magadha


 




100




-444


(-383)



Second
Council at Vesali and first schism




Kalasoka
King of Magadha



218




-326



 




Expedition
of Alexander the Great to India.



280


to




-264


-227



Reign
of Emperor Asoka




Punic
Wars between Rome and Carthage began (264BC)



294




-250



Emperor
Asoka becomes a Buddhist after Kalinga war




 



297




-247



Third
Council at Pataliputta, sending of missionaries to Kasmira Gandhara,
Mahisamandala, Vanavasa, Aparantaka, Maharattha all regions in India, Yona
country (Greece), Himalaya Region, Suvannabhumi (Lower Burma, Siam and
Cambodia) and Lanka (Ceylon)




 



298




-246



Greco
- Bactrian Kingdom founded by Dicdotus




 



304




-240



 




Kustana,
son of Asoka founded the kingdom of Khotan, Central Asia



330




-214



 




Great
Wall of China begun



333




-211



First
Buddhist Monastery in Khotan




 



359



to



-185


-72




 



Sunga
Period in Central India.



443


to



-101



-77



Building
of the Great Thupa, Suvannamali in Anuradhapura. Beginning of the
tradition of Rock cut temples at Karle (1st century BC) Nasik, Kanheri,
Junnar, Bhaja (2nd century BC) Ajanta (2nd century BC-7 century CE) and
Ellora (5 century - 8 century CE).



King
Dutugemunu in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Andras in Ujjeni.




489



-55




 



Julius
Caeser’s first expedition to Britain.




500



-44




King
Menander, theBactrian king meets Van Nagasena in Sialkot, and becomes a
Buddhist: writing of Milinda PaƱha: Beginning of Greco-Buddhist Gandhara
School of art and architecture which greatly influenced Central Asia.



Bactrian
Empire.



514



-30




 



Establishment
of Roman Empire by Augustus.



515


to



-29



-17



The
Ti-pitaka rendered into writing for first time at Aloka-vihara, Matale,
Sri Lanka: The Fourth Buddhist Council according to Theravada tradition
held in Sri Lanka



Reign
of Vattagamini Abhaya in Sri Lanka (29-17 BC)




540



-4




 



True
date of birth of Jesus of Nazareth




542



-2




Yi-chen,
an envoy of the King of Yueh-chis arrived in Chang-an and taught Buddhist
scriptures



 




544



 




 




Christian
era began.



569




25



 




Eastern
Han dynasty in China. (25-221 CE)



611




67



Official
introduction of  Buddhism to
China



 




622



78



Fourth
Buddhist Council (not recognized by Theravada) at Jalandhar in Kashmir:
Ven. Vasumitra and Asvaghosa: writing of Vaibhasa-Sastra



Reign
of Kushan King, Kanishka. Beginning of Saka Era. (other dates 128 CE, 144
CE)




694



150




Ven
Nagarjuna, the propounder of the Madhymika philoshophy a contemporary of
Yajna Sri Gautamiputra



 




710



166




 



Reign
of Satavahana King of India, Yajna Sri Gautamiputra (166-196CE)




708



164




 



Great
Plague began and lasted to the death of M. Aurelius (180CE) This
devastated all Asia. Century of war and disorder in the Roman Empire
began.




719



175-



225



Ven.
Mon-tseu of China who wrote a treatise comparing Buddhism with the
teachings of Confucius and Lao Tse.



 




814




270-


350



Ven.
Maitreya (natha) the founder of the Yogacara school




 



824




280



Vasubandhu,
brother of Asanga. (280-360 CE)




 



843




299



Goodwill
mission from King Vasudeva of Gandhara to China




 



847




303



 




Persecution
of Christian by Emperor Diocletian



864




320



 




Beginning
of reign of Chandra Gupta and of the Gupta era (300-606 CE)



 




 




With
permission from King Chandragupta a Sinhalese monastery established at
Buddha Gaya by King Sri Meghavanna (304-333 CE)



 



888



344




Birth
of Kumarajiva.



 



894



350




Asanga,
most prominent teacher of Yogacara



 



916



372




Buddhism
introduced to Kogaryu in North Korea by a Chinese monk



 



928



384




Buddhism
introduced from Central Asia to Pakche in S. W. Korea by a monk called
Ven. Marananda



 



930



386




Buddhism
declared State religion in China



Northern
Wei dynasty in China 386-353 CE.




943



399



Travels
of Fa-Hien (Fa-hsien) in India (399-414 CE)




Reign
of Chandragupta II of India 375-413 CE



946




402



Buddhism
introduced to Silla in SE Korea: Buddhapalita and Bhavaviveke of
Madhyamika school (1st half of 5 century CE): Dinnaga, acclaimed to be the
founder of Buddhist logic; Buddhadatta




 



953




409



Hiu
Shen undertakes a mission to Mexico during the reign of King Yung Yuan.
Returned 543 CE.




 



964




420



Ven.
Sanghavarman translated books on Vinaya from Sanskrit to Chinese




 



975




431



Ven.
Gunavarman’s mission to Vietnam, Java and China. Java became a Buddhist
country under his influence.




 



979




435



Ven.
Gunabhadra, a Sri Lankan arrived in Indrapuri (Hue) from China.




 



1002




458



Arrival
of Ven. Buddhaghosa, the great pali commentator in Mahavihara,
Anuradhapura; Samantapasadika, the Vinaya commentary was begun in the 20th
and finished in the 21st year of the king’s reign.




Reign
of King Mahanama in Sri Lanka 458-480 CE



1032




488



Ven.
Sangabodhi from Sri Lanka arrived in Tonking and proceeded to Jetavana
Vihara Canton



 




1046




502-


549



Ven.
Bodhidharma, founder of the Chinese, Ch’an sect.




 



1070




526



Ven.
Bodhidharma left for China from Vietnam




 



1092




548



Arrival
of Ven. Paramartha (Po-lo-mo-tho) (513-569 CE) of Ujjain in Nanking




 



1096




552



Buddhism
introduced to Japan from Kudara (Pakche) one of the kingdoms of Korea.




 



1114




570



 




Muhammad
was born



1119




575



Ven.
Chandrakirti of the Madhymika school




 



1138




594



Prince
Shotoku issued an Imperial Ordinance supporting and urging the development
of the Three Jewels




 



1150




606



Ascendancy
of King Harsadeva of Kanauj, a great Buddhist benefactor (606-647 CE)




 



1161




617



Ascendancy
of King Sron-btsan-sgam-po in Tibet and official introduction of Buddhism
into Tibet.




 



1162




618



 




Tang
dynasty in China 618-906CE



1173




629



Ven
Yuan Chwang or Hieun Tsang (602-660CE) starts on his journey to India;
Travelled in India from 633-644 and returned to China in 645 CE.




 



1215




671



I’Tsing’s
visit to kingdom of Sri Vijaya. On his outward journey to India, Sri
Vijaya a Theravada centre; Travelled from 671-695 CE.




 



1228




684



Talang
Tuwo Ins. in Sri Vijaya Kingdom.




 



1239




695



Re-Visit
to Sri Vijaya by I’tsing: Sri Vijaya had become a Mahayana outpost.




 



1254




710



Beginning
of Nara period in Japan.




Nara
made the capital



1258




714



Persecution
of Buddhists in China by Yen T’sing: Pala Rule in Bengal - a Buddhist
dynasty: Rise of Nalanda University and the Universities of Vickremasila
and Odantipuri.



 




1299




755



Ascendancy
of King Khri-Sron-Ide-btsan.



 




1319




775



Ligor
Inscription-patronage of the Sri Vijaya Kingdom to Mahayana Buddhism



 




1338




794



Kyoto
period in Japan



Helan,  

Kyoto  became 
the capital (794-1194 CE)



1348




804



Beginning
of Tendai school in Japan by Ven. Saicho (767-822 CE)




 



1350




806



Beginning
of Shingon school in Japan by Ven. Kukai (774-835 CE)




 



1366




822



Establishment
of the second Ordination Platform on Mount Hiei, Japan.




 



1394




850



Nalanda
copperplate of Deva-paladeva-gift of 5 villages to a vihara founded at
Nalanda by


King
of Sri Vijaya.




 




1411



867



Copperplate
Ins.of Rastrakuta King Dantavarman in Kampilya, Gujerat-donation of land
to the Kampily vihara where 500 monks of the sangha of the Sindhu desa
lived.




 




1412



868



Ins.
of Pandya King Vikramaditya Varaguna with Buddhist references.




 




1428



884



Copper
plate Ins. of the Rastrakuta King Dharavarsa recording similar grants to
Kampilya vihara.




 




1482



938



Ven.
Kuya teaches the Nembetsu in Japan




 




1519



975



Kagudpa
school of Yogo established by Tilopa in Tibet.




 




1526



982



Acarya
Dipankara Sri Jnana or Atisa Dpal-mar-med-mdsa-ye-ses or Jo-vor-Je-pal-dan
Atisa (982-1054CE)




 




1549



1005



Cola
Ins. of Rajaraja I in Nagapattanam recording the commencement of the
construction of a Buddhist vihara there by Sailendra King Cudamanivarman




 




1554



1010



Buddhism
made state religion in Vietnam during Ly-Dyna-sty (1010-1225 CE)




 




1573



1029



 




Punjab,
Kasmir, Gandhara under Muslim rulers of Gazni




1585



1041



Ven.
Atisa’s mission  to Tibet
(1041-1054 CE)




 




1588



1044



 




King
Anawratha ascend the Burmese throne




1594



1050



Religious
council in Tibet associated with Atisa, Marpa and Milarepa




 




1601



1057



Conquest
of Thaton by king Anawaratha and the introduction of Theravada Buddhism
into Burma




 




1634



1090



Construction
of the Pagan temple in Burma by king Kyanzittha (1084-1112CE)




 




1697



1153



 




Asendancy
of King Parakramabahu I in Sri Lanka (1153-1186 CE)




1709



1165



Unification
of Mahavihara, Abhayagiriya and Jetavana vihara monks in Sri Lanka. End of
all schisms




 




1116



1172



Beginning
of Jodo school in Japan by Ven. Honen




 




1725



1181


1182




Establishment
of the Sihala Order of monks in Burma



 



1736



1192




 



Beginning 
of Kamakura Period in Japan(1192-1334)



1768



1224



Beginning
of Jodo-Shinsu school in Japan by Ven. Shinron (1173-1262 CE)



 



1771



1227



Beginning
of Soto zen school in Japan by Ven. Dogen (1200-1253 CE)



 



1797



1253



Beginning
of Nichiren school in Japan by Ven. Nichiren (1222-1282 CE)



 



1801



1257



Establishment
of the Lanka-vemsa in Sukhodaya, later Thailand



Ramakamhem
King of Sukhodaya.



1811



1267



Beginning
of Jishu school in Japan by Ippen




 




1814



1270



Creation
of the Tibetan theocracy by Emperor Kubilai Khan




 




1902



1358-


1419




Ven.
Tson-kha-pa, the founder of the Dge-lugs-pa (yellow hats) in Tibet.



 



1912



1368




Setting
in of the decline of Buddhism in China



Ming 
Dynasty in  China 1368-1644 CE



1952



1408



Founding
of the Ganden monastery near Lhasa by Tsonkha-pa



 



1997



1453



 



Constantinople
taken by Ottomon Turks



2020



1476



Kalyani
Inscription



 



2040



1496



 



Vasco-da-Gama
discovers sea route to India



2049



1505



 



Portuguese
arrival in Sri Lanka



2093



1549



 



Xavier
brings  catholicism to Japan




2091



1574-



1601



Taranatha,
a historian of Buddhism



 




2147




1603



 




Beginning
of Edo period in Japan 1603-1867 CE



2256




1712



Buddhism
appeared in Baikal region in USSR



 




2258




1714



First
Buddhist Temple in Buryati, Mongolia.



 




2297




1735



Higher
ordination brought from Thailand and the beginning of the Syamopali vamsa
in Sri Lanka.



King
Kirtisri Rajasinghe in Sri Lanka  (1747-1781
CE)




2378



1834




Tibetan-English
Dictioary by Come de Koros



 




2381



1837




George
Turnour’s critical edition and translation of Mahavamsa



 




2399



1855




Latin
translation of Dhammapada by Prof. Vincent Fausboll.



 




2410



1866




First
public controversy between Buddhists and Christians at Udanvita, Sri
Lanka.



 




2415



1872




Fifth
Council at Mandalaya, Burma (Theravada): Second Public controversy at
Gampola, Sri Lanka.



 




2416



1872




Third
public controversy at Panadura, Sri Lanka, which led to a Buddhist
re-awakening. Establishment of Vidyodaya Oriental College (Pirivena)
Colombo.



 




2417



1873




Establishment
of Vidyalankara Oriental College (Pirivena) Kelaniya.



 




2423



1879




Light
of Asia written by Sri Edwin Arnold



 




2424



1880




Coming
of Henry Steele Olcott to Sri Lanka.



 




2425



1881




Founding
of the Pali-Text Society by Prof. Rhys Davids



 




2429



1885




Buddhist
flag designed. Waisakha Full moon declared a Public Holiday for the first
time under British Rule



 




2431



1887




Ven.
Soryu Kubahi’s mission to Honolulu, Hawaii.



 




2435



1891




Founding
of the Mahabodhi Society by Anagarika Dharmapala



 




2436



1892




Founding
of the Buddhist Text Society of Calcutta



 




2437



1893




World
conference of Religions Chicago: Introduction of Buddhism to USA by
Anagarika Dharmapala



 




2443



1899




Rev.
Sokei Sonada’s mission to San Francisco



 




2444



1900




First
expendition of Sri Aurel Stein to Central Asia.



 




2451



1907




Founding
of the Buddhist Society of Great Britain and Ireland: Establishment of the
Jetavana Vihare in Nanking, China.



 




2452



1908




First
Buddhist Mission to U. K.



 




2455



1911




Founding
of All China Buddhist Association in Nanking.



 




2458



1914




 



First
World War 1914-1918




2464



1920




Commencement
of the Dhammarajika Vihara at Buddha Gaya



 




2465



1921




Founding
of Societe belge d’etudes Orientales



 




2468



1924




Establishment
of the Buddhist Society, U. K.



 




2469



1925




Buddhist
House at Frohnau, West Germany built by Paul Dahlke



 




2472



1928




Commencement
of Mulagandhakuti Vihara, Isipatana.



 




2474



1930




First
Pan-Pacific Buddhist Conference in Honolulu



 




2478



1934




Ven.
Narada’s first Buddhist Mission to Indonesia, Second General Conference
of Pan-Pacific Young Buddhist Associations in Kyoto



 




2383



1939




 



Second
World War 1939- 1945




2490



1946




Buddhist
mission from  Sri Lanka to
Nepal



 




2492




1948



Buddha
Sasana Council in Burma



Gaining
of political Independence by India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma.




2494



1950




Inaugural
meeting of the World Fellowship of Buddhists



 




2496



1952




Visit
of American upasika Dhammadinna to Melbourne and Sydney and forming of
Buddhist Societies of New South Wales and of Victoria



 




2498



1954




Sixth
Buddhist Council in Burma (Theravada) Ven. Narada’s mission to Sweden.



 




2500



1956




Buddha
Jayanti - 2500th anniversary of Parinibbana of Buddha, Founding of
Buddhist Society in Brazil.



 




2502



1958




Founding
of the Buddhist Publication Society in Kandy, Sri Lanka.



 




2503



1959




Flight
of the Dalai Lama from Tibet to India.



 




2507



1963




Persecution
of Buddhists in Vietnam



 




2509



1965




First
Theravada Buddhist Centre founded in Washington D.C. USA after visit of
Ven. Pannasiha Mahanayaka Thera of Sri Lanka.



 




2510



1966




Buddhist
research centre established at Halle, GDR Tibetan Lama Trungvo Rinpoche
arrived in U.K.



 




2511



1967




Buddhist
Mission to Ghana by Ven. Piyadassi. Sri Lanka First Buddhist Vihara
established in Brazil.



 




2514



1970




Buddhist
Centre founded in Canada.



 




2519



1975




Forming
of the Buddhist Union of Europe



 




2522



1978




Establishment
of Toronto Buddhist Vihara, Scarborough, Canada.



 




2526



1982




Conference
of World Buddhist Leaders and Scholars held in Sri Lanka, June 1 - 4.